Canadian citizenship can be acquired by following ways:

  • By Birth – to those who are born on Canadian land, airspace, waters, Canadian registered ships and aircrafts.
  • By Birth – to those who are born outside Canada if one of their parents, who was a Canadian citizen at their birth, was employed outside by Canadian government or was born or naturalized in Canada.
  • By Naturalization

Becoming a citizen in Canada is one of the main reasons that people immigrate to the country. However, the process to become a citizen is not always easy and they have to become a permanent resident before they are eligible to become a citizen.
There are certain requirements that an applicant must fulfill before they can apply for a citizenship in Canada.

  1. The applicant must be 18 years of age or be 14 years or older if with a parent.
  2. The applicant must have stayed physically as a Permanent Resident in Canada for a minimum of 1095 days within five years before filing the application. However, there are certain exceptions for applicants from Canadian Armed Forces and Crown Servants working aboard and applicants who had a temporary status within five years before filing the application. Time spent in prison/parole/probation does not count toward citizenship residency requirement.
  3. The applicant must have filed the income taxes for any three taxation years that are fully or partially within the five-year period before filing the application. However, this condition must be fulfilled only if they are required to file the taxes under the Income Tax Act.
  4. The applicant must demonstrate that they can speak and listen in either of the two official languages of the country, English or French. If they are 18 to 54 years old, they must submit proof that demonstrates they can speak and listen in English or French at CLB 4.
  5. If they are 18 to 54 years old, the applicant must be able to show knowledge about the country in either language and understand the responsibilities and privileges of the citizenship.

There are certain things which are frowned upon when processing the application for citizenship. To be eligible for a Canadian Citizenship, they must

  1. Not serving a sentence outside Canada.
  2. Not serving a term of imprisonment, on parole or on probation in Canada
  3. Not be charged with, on trial for, or involved in an appeal of an:
    • indictable offence in Canada
    • offence outside Canada
  4. Not have been convicted in the four years before applying for citizenship of an:
    • indictable offence in Canada
    • offence outside Canada
  5. Never have been ordered to leave the country.
  6. Not have been refused the grant of Canadian citizenship in last five years prior to the current application due to misrepresentation.
  7. Not have his Canadian citizenship revoked at any point in the past.
  8. Have met the terms and conditions of their permanent resident status.

The above precautions ensure that the applicant must always check their documents prior to applying for the citizenship.

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